About Maryland Courts:
Maryland Court of Appeals is the highest court in the state (usually called the Supreme Court in other states). This
Court has the ability to decide which cases to hear. By law, however, the Court of Appeals is required to hear cases involving
the death penalty, legislative redistricting, removal of certain state officials, and the certifications of questions of law.
The Court of Special Appeals is Maryland’s intermediate appellate court. It considers any reviewable judgment, decree, order,
or other action of the circuit and the orphans’ courts.
The Circuit Courts of Maryland are located in all 23 counties and the City of Baltimore. They are the trial courts of general
jurisdiction. Circuit Courts handle major civil cases and more serious criminal matters, along with juvenile cases, family
matters, and most appeals from the District Court, orphans’ courts and agencies.
There are no juries in the District Court; each case is heard and decided by a judge. The District Court hears both civil
cases, including claims up to $30,000, domestic violence cases, landlord/tenant disputes, and civil cases involving amounts of
less than $5,000. The District Court hears criminal cases, including motor vehicle/boating violations and other misdemeanors and
Orphans' Courts handle wills, estates, and other probate matters.
Maryland Court of Appeals
361 Rowe Boulevard
Annapolis, MD 21401