About Indiana Courts:
The Indiana Constitution divides state government into three branches: the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judicial.
The Constitution provides that the judicial power of the State is vested in a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts
and such other courts as the General Assembly may establish. The first court in the Indiana Territory consisted of three judges
appointed by the Governor in 1800. Today, the Indiana court system has evolved into a system of justice that is sophisticated and
complex. It consists of different levels of courts serving different functions, and over 575 judicial officers hearing more
than 1.8 million cases each year.
There are two primary levels of Indiana state courts: trial courts and appellate courts. For the most part, appellate courts
only handle cases that have already been decided in a trial court. The person who lost at trial wants the appellate-level court to
reconsider the case because they wish to challenge the outcome.
In Indiana, there are three different kinds of trial courts: circuit courts, superior courts, and local city or town courts.
Though these courts have different names, the three trial courts are actually more alike than they are different. Trial courts have
different names primarily due to accidents of legislative history and local custom, not true differences in the nature or purpose of the
Indiana Supreme Court
315 Indiana State House
200 W. Washington Street
Indianapolis, IN 46204