About Idaho Courts:
The Supreme Court
is the state's top appellate court, it includes the Chief Justice and four other justices. For the
convenience of litigants, the Idaho Supreme Court is one of the few
'circuit riding' supreme courts in the country, and holds
terms of court in Boise, Coeur d'Alene, Moscow, Lewiston, Pocatello, Rexburg, Idaho Falls, Caldwell and Twin Falls.
The Court of Appeals hears cases assigned by the Supreme Court except capital murder convictions and appeals from the
Public Utilities Commission or Industrial Commission. This Court includes a chief judge and two other judges.
Each county has a District Court, which includes a Magistrate Division. There are 39 district judges and 83 magistrate judges
in the state. District judges hear felony criminal cases and civil actions if the amount involved is more than $10,000,
and appeals of decisions of the Magistrate Division.
The Magistrate Division hears probate matters, divorce proceedings, juvenile proceedings, initial felony proceedings through
the preliminary hearing, criminal misdemeanors, infractions, civil cases when the amount in dispute does not exceed $10,000,
and cases in Small Claims Court, established for disputes of $4,000 or less.