About Hawaii Courts:
Hawaii's judicial branch is a unified state court system that functions under one administrative head, the Chief Justice of the Hawaii Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court is the state's highest court. It makes binding decisions over appeals from the lower courts upon transfer
from the Intermediate Court of Appeals and cases eligible to be heard directly by the Hawaii Supreme Court. It is also
responsible for court rules, licensing and disciplining attorneys.
The Intermediate Court of Appeals is the state's second highest court that reviews appeals from state trial court or agency
decisions. Its decisions, under certain circumstances, are subject to the Hawaii Supreme Court's review.
The Land Court is a statewide court of record with exclusive jurisdiction of all applications for the registration of title
to land and easements.
The Tax Appeal Court is a statewide court of record with jurisdiction over disputes concerning property, excise, liquor, tobacco,
income and insurance taxes.
Hawaii Circuit Courts rule in all jury trial cases. General jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases. Exclusive jurisdiction
in probate, guardianship and criminal felony cases, as well as civil cases where the contested amount exceeds $20,000.
Hawaii Family Courts rule in all legal matters involving children, such as delinquency, abuse and
neglect, termination of parental rights, adoption, guardianships and detention. The court also hears traditional domestic-relations cases,
including divorce, nonsupport, paternity, uniform child custody jurisdiction cases, etc.
Hawaii District Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over traffic infractions and landlord-tenant disputes, and
non-jury trial civil cases where the contested amount is under $10,000.